Science and Religion: some historical perspectives, Canto Classics edtn. Cambridge University Press, 2014,  566pp. ISBN 978-1-107-66446-3

 Science & Religion around the World  (ed. with Ronald L. Numbers),  New York: Oxford University Press, 2011,  316pp. ISBN 978-0-19-532819-6

 Heterodoxy in Early Modern Science and Religion (ed. with Ian Maclean),Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 373pp.  ISBN 0-19-926897-5

 Religious Values and the Rise of Science in Europe (ed. with E. Ihsanoğlu),Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture, 2005, 258pp. ISBN 92-9063-140-6

Science in Theistic Contexts: cognitive dimensions (ed. with M. Osler and J. Van der Meer), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, 376pp.   ISBN 0-226-07564-8

 Reconstructing Nature: the engagement of science and religion.The Gifford Lectures, Glasgow 1995/6, jointly authored with Geoffrey Cantor. Edinburgh: T&T Clark 1998; New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, 367 pp.  ISBN 0-567-08725-5

Thinking About Matter: studies in the history of chemical philosophy. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1995, 300 pp. ISBN 0-86078-464-9

Science and Religion: some historical perspectives. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1991, 422 pp.  Chinese edition, Beijing, 2000;  Portuguese edition, Porto, 2003, 402pp. ISBN 0-521-28374-4;  Russian language edition, Moscow: St. Andrew’s College, 2004, 347pp. ISBN 5-89647-093-2.  Also Chinese, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Spanish and Romanian editions.


The Crisis of Evolution  Milton Keynes: Open University, 1974, 126 pp., including an essay by Sir Alan Richardson.

New Interactions Between Theology and Natural Science  Milton Keynes: Open University, 1974, 88 pp., including an essay by Professor R. Hooykaas.

Towards a Mechanistic Philosophy  Milton Keynes: Open University, 1974, 96 pp. including an essay by Professor D.Goodman.

The above texts for the Course Science and Belief from Copernicus to Darwin were translated into Japanese (Tokyo, 1985), 338pp. [ISBN 4 422 40013-4]


Physical & Organic Chemistry from Dalton to Mendeleev, in P. Corsi (ed.), Storia delle scienze, vol. 4., Turin: Guilio Einaudi, 1993, 48-97.

New Perspectives on the History of Organic Chemistry, in C.A. Russell (ed.), Recent Developments in the History of Chemistry, London: Royal Society of Chemistry, 1985, 97-152.

Davy’s Chemical Outlook: the Acid Test, in S.Forgan (ed.), Science and the Sons of Genius: Studies on Humphry Davy, London: Science Reviews Ltd., 1980, 121-75.

Natural Theology and the Plurality of Worlds: Observations on the Brewster-Whewell debate, Annals of Science, 34 (1977), 221-86.

Chlorine Substitution and the Future of Organic Chemistry, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 4 (1973), 47-94.


‘Contexts of Collaboration and Inter-Cultural Exchange’, in Ekmeleddin ihsanoğlu’na Armağan. A Festschrift in Honor of Ekmeleddin ihsanoğlu (ed. Gōktürk Ōmer Cakir), Istanbul: Ōtüken, 2021, 627-47.

‘Was Physico-theology Bad Theology and Bad Science?’ in Physico-Theology:  Religion and Science in Europe, 1650-1750, (ed. Ann Blair and Kaspar von Greyerz), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2020, 23-38.

‘Afterword’, in Rethinking History, Science, and Religion: Exploring Complexity, (ed. Bernard Lightman), Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 2019

‘Chemistry With and Without God’, in Science without God? Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism, (ed. Peter Harrison and Jon Roberts), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019, 111-29.

‘Historians’, in The Warfare between Science and Religion: The Idea that Wouldn’t Die, (ed. Jeff Hardin, Ronald L. Numbers, and Ronald A. Binzley), Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018, 258-78.

‘Science, Technology, and Aesthetics’, in Human Origins and the Image of God: Essays in Honor of J. Wentzel van Huyssteen (ed. Christopher Lilley and Daniel J. Pedersen), Grand Rapids: Eerdmans 2017, 174-97.

‘Natural Theology’, in Science and Religion: A Historical Introduction (ed. Gary B. Ferngren), 2nd edtn , Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017, 140-53.

‘Divine Providence in the Clockwork Universe’, in Abraham’s Dice: Chance and Providence in the Monotheistic Traditions (ed. Karl W. Giberson), New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, 215-39.

‘Order in the Relations between Religion and Science?  Reflections on the NOMA Principle of Stephen J. Gould’, in Re-Thinking Order. After the Laws of Nature (ed. Nancy Cartwright and Keith Ward), London: Bloomsbury, 2016, 187-203.

‘Charles Darwin über die Religion’, in Wissenschaft und die Frage nach Gott (ed. Andreas Losch and Frank Vogelsang), Bonn: Evangelische Akademie im Rheinland, 2015, 38-41.

‘Evolution and Religion’, in The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century (ed. W. J. Mander), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 211-32.

‘The Legacy of Robert Boyle’, in Science and Religion in the Twenty-First Century (eds. Russell Re Manning and Michael Byrne), London: SCM, 2013, 114-28.

‘Newton, Science and Religion’, in The Isaac Newton Guidebook (ed. Denis Alexander), Cambridge: Faraday Institute, 2013, 75-82.

‘ “Ready to Aid One Another”: Darwin on Nature, God, and Cooperation’, in

Evolution, Games and God (eds. Sarah Coakley and Martin Nowak), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013, 37-59.

‘El Inicio de la Ciencia en el Mundo Occidental’, in Ciencia y Religión en el Siglo XXI: Recuperar el Diálogo (eds. Emilio Chuvieco and Denis Alexander), Madrid: Fundación Ramón Areces, S.A., 2012, 13-32.

‘Science and the Christian Tradition: A Brief Overview’, in Science and Religion: Christian and Muslim Perspectives (ed. David Marshall), Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 2012, 7-21.

‘Inspiration in Science and Religion: Historical Perspectives’, in Inspiration in Science and Religion (ed. Michael Fuller), Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2012, 1-20.

‘Christian Darwinians’, in Darwinism and Natural Theology: Evolving Perspectives (ed. Andrew Robinson), Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2012, 47-67.

‘Termes et Implications de la Controverse Historique sur l’Origine de L’Homme (Thomas H. Huxley vs. Samuel Wilberforce, Oxford, 30 Juin 1860), transl. Fabien Revol, in Evolution et Creation: Des Sciences a la Metaphysique (ed. Jean-Marie Exbrayat, Emmanuel d’Hombres et Fabien Revol), Paris:  J. Vrin, 2011, 131-56.

‘Wilberforce, Huxley and Genesis’, in The Oxford Handbook of the Reception History of the Bible (eds. Michael Lieb, Emma Mason and Jonathan Roberts),

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, 397-412.

‘Learning from the Past’, in God, Humanity and the Cosmos (ed. Christopher Southgate), 3rd edition, London: T & T Clark, 2011, 68-88.

‘Modern Christianity’, in Science & Religion around the World (ed. John Hedley Brooke and Ronald L. Numbers), New York: Oxford University Press, 2011, 92-119.

‘Science and Secularization’, in The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion (ed. Peter Harrison), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 103-23.

‘Historical Perspectives on Religion and Science’, in A Companion to Philosophy of Religion, 2nd edition (ed. Charles Taliaferro, Paul Draper, and Philip L. Quinn),  Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2010, 529-38.

‘The Myth that Modern Science has secularised Western Culture’, in Galileo goes to Jail and other Myths about Science and Religion (ed. Ronald L. Numbers), Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2009, 224-32.

‘Science, Religion, and Historical Complexity’, in Recent Themes in the History of Science and Religion (ed. Donald A. Yerxa), Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2009, 37-46 and 56-9.

‘Genesis and the Scientists: Dissonance among the Harmonizers’, in Reading Genesis after Darwin (ed. Stephen C. Barton and David Wilkinson), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, 93-109.

‘Should the Word Nature be eliminated?’, in Envisioning Nature, Science, and Religion (ed. James D. Proctor), West Conshohocken: Templeton Press, 2009, 312-36.

‘ “Laws impressed on matter by the Creator”?  The Origin and the Question of Religion’, in The Cambridge Companion to the “Origin of Species”, (eds. Michael Ruse and Robert J. Richards), Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009, 256-74.

‘Can Scientific Discovery be a Religious Experience?’, in The Edge of Reason (ed. Alex Bentley), London: Continuum, 2008, 155-64.

‘Cosmologies Ancient and Modern’, in Creation and the Abrahamic Faiths, ed. Neil Spurway (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2008, 113-18. ISBN (10): 1-84718-809-5.

‘La Ciencia en los Unitarios’, in Ciencia y Religion en la Edad Moderna (ed. José Montesinos and Sergio Toledo),  La Orotava: Fundación Canaria Orotava de Historia de la Ciencia, 2007, 253-71. ISBN 978-84-611-7981-7.

‘Overtaking Nature?  The Changing Scope of Organic Chemistry in the Nineteenth century’, in The Artificial and the Natural: An Evolving Polarity (ed. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent and William R. Newman), Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2007, 275-92. ISBN 978-0-262-02620-8.

‘Science and the Self: What Difference Did Darwin Make?’, in The Evolution of Rationality: Interdisciplinary Essays in Honor of J Wentzel Van Huyssteen (ed. F.Leron Shults), Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 2006, 253-73. ISBN 10: 0-8028-2789-6.

‘Contributions from the History of Science and Religion’, in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science (ed. Philip Clayton), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, 293-310.  ISBN 13: 978-0-19-927927-2

‘Joining Natural Philosophy to Christianity: The Case of Joseph Priestley’, in Heterodoxy in Early Modern Science and Religion (eds. John Brooke and Ian Maclean), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 319-36.  ISBN 0-19-926897-5

‘Learning from the Past’, in God, Humanity and the Cosmos (ed. Christopher Southgate), London: T & T Clark, 2005, 63-81. ISBN 0567041441

‘Concluding Reflections’, in Science and Beliefs: From Natural Philosophy to Natural Science, 1700-1900 (eds. David Knight and Matthew Eddy), Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, 2005, 251-60.  ISBN 0-7546-3996-7

‘Darwin, Design, and the Unification of Nature’, in Science, Religion, and the Human Experience (ed. James D. Proctor), New York: Oxford University Press, 2005, 165-83. ISBN 0-19-517532-8

‘The Search for Extra-terrestrial Life: Historical and Theological      Perspectives’, in Actas do Forum Internacional: Ciencia, Religiao e Consciencia (ed. Joaquim Fernandes), Porto: Universidad Fernando Pessoa,  2004/5, 271-86.

‘Science and Dissent:  Some Historiographical Issues’, in Science and Dissent in England 1688-1945 (ed. Paul Wood), Aldershot:  Ashgate Publishing, 2004, 19-37.  ISBN  0-7546-3718-2

‘Can Science Dispense with Religion?’ in Can Science Dispense with Religion? (ed. Mehdi Golshani), Tehran, Iran:  Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, 2004, 43-53.

‘Natural Theology’, in The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science (ed. John Heilbron), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, 563-5.

‘Science and Religion’, in The Cambridge History of Science Vol.4 Eighteenth-Century Science (ed. Roy Porter), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 741-61. ISBN 0-521-572243-6

‘Darwin and Victorian Christianity’, in The Cambridge Companion to Darwin (ed. Gregory Radick and Jonathan Hodge), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 192-213.  ISBN 0-521-77197-8

‘Improvable Nature?’, in Is Nature Ever Evil?: Religion, Science and Value (ed. Willem Drees), London: Routledge, 2003, 149-69. ISBN 0-415-29060-0

‘Detracting from Divine Power? Religious Belief and the Appraisal of New Technologies’, in Reordering Nature: Theology, Society and the New Genetics (ed. Celia Deane-Drummond and Bronislaw Szerszynski), London: T & T Clark, 2003, 43-64.  ISBN 0-567-08896-0

‘Scienza, Segni e Premonizioni’, in Measure and the Infinite: Science, Faith, Experience (ed. Vincenzo Augelli and Vito Angiuli), Bari: Edizioni Giuseppe Laterza, 2003, 169-76.

‘The Changing Relations between Science & Religion’, in H. Reagan and M. Worthing (eds.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Cosmology and Biological Evolution, Adelaide: Australian Theological Forum, 2002, 3-18.

‘Religious Belief and the Content of the Sciences’, in Science in Theistic Contexts: Cognitive Dimensions (ed. John H Brooke, M. Osler and J. Van der Meer), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, 376pp., 3-28.  ISBN 0-226-07564-8

‘Science and Secularization’, in L. Woodhead (ed.), Reinventing Christianity, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001, 229-38.  ISBN 0-7546-1650-9

‘Science’, in Adrian Hastings (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Christian Thought, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 646-52.

‘The Study of Chemical Textbooks’, in B. Bensaude-Vincent and A. Lundgren (eds.), Communicating Chemistry: textbooks and their audiences, London: Science History Publications, 2000, 1-18.

‘Chemistry’, in G. Ferngren (ed.), The History of Science and Religion in Western Tradition, New York: Garland, 2000, 378-83.

‘Natural Theology’, in G. Ferngren (ed.), The History of Science and Religion in Western Tradition, New York: Garland, 2000, 58-64.

‘The History of Science and Religion: some evangelical dimensions’, in D. Hart and D. Livingstone (eds.), Evangelicals and Science,  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 17-40.

‘Foreword’, with M. Hunter, in R. Hooykaas, Robert Boyle: a study in science and Christian belief,  New York: University Press of America, 1997, vii – xix.

‘L’Essor d’une Culture Scientifique’, in H. McLeod, S. Mews and C. d’Haussy (eds.), Histoire Réligieuse de la Grande-Bretagne,  Paris: Les Editions du Cerf, 1997, 261-85.

‘Religious Apologetics and the Transmutation of Knowledge: Was a Chemico-Theology Possible in 18th and Early-19th Century Britain?’, in J. Van der Meer (ed.) Facets of Faith and Science, vol. 4, New York: University Press of America, 1996, 215-29.

‘Religious Belief and the Natural Sciences: mapping the historical landscape’, in J. van der Meer (ed.) Facets of Faith and Science, vol. 1 , New York: University of Press of America, 1996, 1-26.

‘Like Minds: the God of Hugh Miller’, in Michael Shortland (ed.), Hugh Miller and the Controversies of Victorian Science, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996, 171-86.

‘Science and Theology in the Enlightenment’, in M. Richardson and W. J. Wildman (eds.), Religion and Science: history method dialogue, New York and London: Routledge, 1996, 7-27.

‘The Earth Sciences and their Cultural Implications: the question of religious belief’, in D. Branagan and G.H. McNally (eds.), Useful and Curious Geological Enquiries Beyond the World: Pacific-Asia-Historical Themes, Sydney 1994, 308-17.

‘Doing Down the Frenchies: how much credit should Kekulé have given?’ in John H. Wotiz (ed.), The Kekulé Riddle, Vienna, IL, 1993, 59-76.

‘Berzelius, the Dualistic Hypothesis and the Rise of Organic Chemistry’, in T. Frangsmyr and E. Melhado (eds.), Enlightenment Science in the Romantic Era: the chemistry of Berzelius and its cultural setting, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, 180-221.

‘Chemists in their contexts: some recent trends in historiography’, in F. Abbri (ed.), Proceedings of the 3rd Convegno Nazionale di Storia e Fondamenti della Chimica, Cosenza, 1991,  9-27. A synopsis of this chapter was also published in Bulletin of the Société Francaise d’histoire des sciences et des techniques, 27 (1990) 11-13.

‘Indications of a Creator: Whewell as apologist and priest’, in M. Fisch and S. Schaffer (eds.), William Whewell: a composite portrait, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991, 149-73.

‘ “A Sower Went Forth”: Joseph Priestley and the ministry of reform’, in A. Truman Schwarz and J.G. McEvoy (eds.), Motion Toward Perfection: the achievement of Joseph Priestley, Boston: Skinner House, 1990, 21-56. This essay was first published in Oxygen and the Conversion of Future Feedstocks, Proceedings of the 3rd BOC Priestley Conference, London: Royal Society of Chemistry, 1984, 432-60.

‘Science and religion’, in G. Cantor, J. Christie, J. Hodge and R. Olby (eds.), A Companion to the History of Modern Science, London: Routledge, 1990, 763-82.

‘The Superiority of Nature’s Art? Vitalism, natural theology and the rise of organic chemistry’, in Anne Baumer and M. Buttner (eds.), Wissenschaft und Religion, Bochum: Universitätsverlag Dr N. Brockmeyer, 1989, 38-48.

‘The God of Isaac Newton’, in J. Fauvel, R. Flood, M. Shortland, and R. Wilson (eds.), Let Newton Be!, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, 169-83.

‘Why Did the English Mix their Science and their Religion?’, in S. Rossi (ed.), Science and Imagination in 18th-century British Culture, Milan: Edizioni Unicopli, 1987, 57-78.

‘Joseph Priestley and William Whewell, Apologists and Historians of Science: a tale of two stereotypes’, in R. Anderson and C. Lawrence (eds.), Science, Medicine and Dissent: Joseph Priestley, London: Wellcome Foundation & Science Museum, 1987, 11-27.

‘The Relations between Darwin’s Science and his Religion’, in J.R. Durant (ed.), Darwinism and Divinity, Oxford: Blackwell, 1985, 40-75.

‘The Natural Theology of the Geologists: some theological strata’, in L. Jordanova and R. Porter (eds.), Images of the Earth, Chalfont St. Giles: British Society for the History of Science monograph no. 1, 1979, 39-64. Second revised edition, 1997, 53-74.


‘Revisiting William Paley’, Zygon 57 (2022), 141-60. [https//]

‘Orthodoxy and Science: Varieties of Engagement and Indifference’, Almagest 9.2 (2018), 4-11.

‘Darwin and Christianity: Truth and Myth’, Zygon 53 (2018), 836-49.

‘Darwinism and the Survival of Religion’, The Historical Review/ La Revue Historique 14 (2017), 267-91. The C. Th. Dimaras Annual Lecture, 2016, Section of NeoHellenic Research/ Institute of Historical Research, Athens.  Accessible in pdf  from:

(With Ronald L. Numbers) ‘Into all the World: Expanding the history of science and religion beyond the Abrahamic faiths’, Almagest 8.2 (2018), 9-26.

(With Ronald L. Numbers) ‘Science, Eastern Orthodoxy, and World Religions’, Isis 107 (2016), 592-96.

An autobiography: ‘Living with Theology and Science: From Past to Present’, Theology and Science 12 (2014), 307-23

‘Interpreting the Word and the World’, Introduction to Responses to Darwin in the Religious Traditions, Zygon, 46 (2011), 281-90.

‘Darwin and Religion: Correcting the Caricatures’, Science and Education, 19, Issue 4 (2010), 391-405.

‘Darwin’s Religious Journey’. The Conway Memorial Lecture. Ethical Record: The Proceedings of the South Place Ethical Society, 115 no.9 (2010), 3-13.

‘Christianity and Darwinism: Can There be No Common Ground?’  Global Spiral  ( vol.8, issue 12. March 2008.

‘Science, Religion, and Historical Complexity’ and ‘Response to William Shea and David Livingstone’ in ‘Complexity and the History of Science and Religion: A Forum’, Historically Speaking: The Bulletin of the Historical Society, 8 (May/June 2007), 10-17.

‘The Distinctive Agnosticism of Charles Darwin’, Second Spring: International Journal of Faith and Culture 8 (2007), 49-54

‘ “If I were God”: Einstein and Religion’, Zygon, 41 (2006), 941-54.

‘Darwin and God: Then and Now’, Harvard Divinity Bulletin, Autumn 2006, 76-85.

‘Friends and Enemies: Breaking Down the Dichotomies’, Modern Believing 47 (no.4), 2006, 5-16.

‘The Search for Extra-terrestrial Life: Historical and Theological Perspectives’,             Omega: Indian Journal of Science & Religion 5 (no.1), 2006, 6-22.

‘Darwinism and Christian Belief’, Dialogue , 24 April 2005, 13-17

 ‘Ciencia, Religion y Unificacion de la Naturaleza’, Pensamiento, 61 (2005), 147-56

 ‘Creating the Space for Science:  Strategies for Alleviating Religious Suspicion in the Scientific Revolution’, Faith and Freedom, 57 (2004), 110-114.

‘Commentary on John Polkinghorne’s “The person, the soul and genetic engineering”’, Journal of Medical Ethics [on line] vol.30, issue no.6 (2004).

‘Les Detours de Darwin’, La Recherche, Hors Serie no.14 (2004), 26-30.

‘Science and Religion:  Some Historical Myths’, Impact of Science on Society No.4, 2002, 40-45 [Published by the Institute for Science and Technology Policy and Management Science, Chinese Academy of Science].

‘The Wilberforce-Huxley Debate: Why did it happen?’, Science & Christian Belief, 13 (2001), 127-141.

‘Religious Belief and the Content of the Sciences’, in J. Brooke, M. Osler and J. Van der Meer (eds.), Osiris, 16 (2001), 3-28.

‘ “Wise Men Nowadays Think Otherwise”: John Ray, natural theology and the meanings of anthropocentrism’, Notes and Records of the Royal Society, 54 (2000), 199-213.

‘Science and Religion: Lessons from History?’, Science, 11 Dec. 1998, 1985-86.

‘Small Beginnings in a Disturbed World’. Editorial: British Journal for the History of Science, 30 (1997), 1-4.

‘Author’s response’, Review Symposium dedicated to my book Science and Religion, Metascience, 1 (1992), 46-52.

‘Natural law in the Natural Sciences: the Origins of Modern Atheism?’, Science and Christian Belief, 4 (1992), 83-103.

‘Between Science and Theology: the defence of teleology in the interpretation of nature, 1820-1876’, Proceedings of the 19th-century working group of the American Academy of Religion, 16 (1990), 80-94. Republished in the first issue of the Journal for the History of Modern Theology, 1994, 47-65.

‘The Galileo Affair: teaching AT 17’, Physics Education, 25 (1990), 197-201.

‘Science and the Secularisation of Knowledge: Perspectives on some 18th-century Transformations’. Guest Lecture delivered at the inaugural International Summer School in History of Science, Bologna 1989, and published in Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza, 4 (1989), 43-65.

‘Scientific Thought and its Meaning for Religion: the Impact of French Science on British Natural Theology, 1827-1859’, Revue de Synthèse, 4 (1989), 33-59.

‘Science and the Fortunes of Natural Theology: Some Historical Perspectives’, Zygon, 24 (1989), 3-22.

‘Science & Secularization: some Historiographical Issues’, Proceedings of the Anglo-American Conference on History of Science, Manchester, 1988, 401-8.

‘Methods and Methodology in the Development of Organic Chemistry’, Ambix , 34 (1987), 147-55.

‘The Chemistry of the Organic and the Inorganic’, Kagakushi (Journal of the Japanese Society for the History of Chemistry), 7 (1980), 37-60.

‘Avogadro’s Hypothesis and its Fate: a Case-study in the Failure of Case-studies’, History of Science, 19 (1981), 235-73.

‘The Meaning of Evolution for the Christian Tradition’, BBC Open University radio programme for A 381: ‘Science & Belief from Darwin to Einstein’, 1980.

‘Nebular Contraction and the Expansion of Naturalism’, British Journal for the History of Science, 12 (1979), 200-11.

‘Richard Owen, William Whewell and the Vestiges’, British Journal for the History of Science, 10 (1977), 132-45.

‘Laurent, Gerhardt and the Philosophy of Chemistry’, in R. McCormmach (ed.), Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences, 6 (1975), 405-29.

‘Charles Gerhardt’ and ‘Charles Adolphe Wurtz’, biographical entries in C.C. Gillispie (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography, New York: Scribner, 5 (1972) 369-75 and 14 (1976) 529-32, the former in collaboration with Professor M. P. Crosland.

‘Organic Synthesis and the Unification of Chemistry’, British Journal for the History of Science, 5 (1971), 363-92.

‘Wohler’s Urea and its Vital Force? – A Verdict from the Chemists’, Ambix 15 (1968), 84-114.